Author: Herman

Maximum Security

Maximum Security – Three year-old Champion’s speed revealed

As the year 2019 fades into the rearview of history, the American racing industry breathes a sigh of relief and welcomes a new decade full of promise. Hopefully, decadent styles and norms of the past are gone to be forever replaced by a new era of accord. Churchill Downs, Santa Anita, Arlington, and minor stops in between have been tested in that tumultuous time-period of racing that we hope to permanently wipe from painful memory. In this new year, the extremely fast racehorse Maximum Security quickly helped us forget missteps and misfortunes as he emerged from the steel cage of racing referees’ restraint to claim title as best 3-year-old of the land.

In his most recent race at Aqueduct, he electrified us as he wired a good field, including Breeders’ Cup Dirt Mile winner, Spun To Run when “he smoked them in the Cigar Mile”. In the Bold Ruler Stakes, he stopped the 7 furlongs timer in 1:20.76 after passing the 6 furlongs marker at a swift 1:08 pace. Both above and below, Maximum Security’s pedigree comes with nagging questions that exasperate breeders everywhere. He is bred and owned by Gary and Mary West Stables, trained by John Servis and primarily piloted by Luis Saez. When he was just a weanling his full older brother, Coastal Highway, sold for $125,000 at the 2016 Keeneland September Yearling Sale.

On paper, the ancestry did not appear as fashionable and Coastal Highway would prove to be a runner who preferred to hide patented speed brought forth from a select few of his forefathers. The record showed a borrowed running style befitting his immediate sire lineage with a significant reduction in the racing class. We all recall that neither New Year’s Day nor his sire, Street Cry, could ever be categorized as thrift sprinters. The first dam, Lil Indy, was sired by Anasheed, a son of stamina influencer A P Indy and out of a collection of mares by Nureyev, Hoist The Flag and Herbager. These descendants are soaked heavy with crushing classic power genetically engineered to soar around the 2000 meters range and hopelessly void of early speed. Cresta Lil, the second dam, produced multi-millionaire and champion Flat Out a two-turn specialist who won Belmont’s prestigious Jockey Club Gold Cup twice. The signature race runs at the classic distance of 2000 meters (10 furlongs) is a far cry from sprint. Therefore, it was not a major surprise that Coastal Highway inherited and demonstrated a slow, steady, methodical grind to his pace which is in coherence with his collective ancestors. A major concern was with Coastal Highway’s complete unwillingness to show competitive speed.

So how does Maximum Security, a runner with such stamina laden ancestry, inherit that level of speed? Before we delve deep into the question, let us briefly digress and peruse breeding programs that are popular within our industry. A useful pedigree application developed in Australia with the catchy name of G1-Goldmine is managed by Leo Tsatsaronis. In early 2014, I chatted with Leo at a conference and inquired about his system. A knowledgeable gentleman with a swag of confidence, low-buttoned shirt, and high spiritedness, with strong conviction he’s tightly attached to his theories. As he explained the concept, I grasped the principles and parallels his system advocates were in true concert with general themes and theories of nicking. Although there were deficiencies in sire prediction and race analysis, it was reassuring to know female contribution was considered which paved the path for G1-Goldmine to elevate to a more advanced level. In early November of 2019, I reached out to TrueNicks co-founder to discuss basic issues on breeding. While I have not yet received a response, I’m curiously hopeful and optimistic we will chat someday about their stance on the inclusion of female ancestors in the calculus and conversation of breeding. A rating of C+ was the rank TrueNicks gave the subject mating and we also had to use a microscope to find favorable angles inside the pedigree.

Usually, it’s the first few zygotes (or foals) that obtains the richest bounty of genetic inheritance from coupled parents. Coastal Highway, the first foal of this mating was foaled in 2015 and he missed the mark, the second foal of 2016 came with minimum risk as Maximum Security was right on target. The mating of New Year’s Day to Lil Indy would unite two broodmares, Justwhistledixie and Lil Indy, who both treasured separate speed links of Nearctic and Seattle Slew. Such subtle similarities are barely noticeable, yet they strengthen and sensationalize speed sources like those discovered in Dixie Union and Anasheed respectively. Also, Lil Indy’s second dam, Cresta Lil, introduced another trace of Nearctic at her sire-3 position.

Nature weaves it’s tapestry in unpredictable fashion as these reliable, scintillating speed variables threw a plodder in Coastal Highway with their first mating. I must admit this was a pedigree that did not excite from just a surface glance.  Maximum Security’s early workouts did not thrill onlookers either with pre-race exercises based on the low-level maiden claiming event he was entered in. For breeders all over, the actions and behavior of an older brother will undoubtedly gauge the expectations of younger siblings. But unlike his older full sibling, Maximum Security inherited superb cruising speed exhibited in all his races.

I was quietly delighted and somewhat confused when informed by a close acquaintance that Maximum Security had just won an Optional Claimer by 18 lengths. My immediate statement was “Remind me who is Maximum Security, which venue can I see him, what stakes is he pointed to?” The phone response was, “He’s by New Year’s Day, the target sire you talked about.” I knew the sire well because of his dam and her connection to the Florida Derby of 2016. Mohaymen, a son of Tapit, was favored and was also out of the mare Justwhistledixie. After the phone call, I opened Lil Indy’s pedigree profile and welcomed a soothing calmness that engulfed my entire being like a shot of morphine. Because embedded deep in my memory was Dixie Union’s direct line breeding to family 4-m plus the powerful Seattle Slew to Nearctic link. While looking at Lil Indy’s profile I noticed her 2nd dam, Rugosa, also line bred to 4-m and glowing above in the same light as Dixie Union was Anasheed, also with the same powerful Seattle Slew to Nearctic link.

The Seattle Slew to Nearctic match is found in many runners with G1 abbreviations behind their names. For decades breeders have been breeding primarily for speed which results in racehorse bloodlines today that are tilted more speed-oriented than they are of stamina. This observation is pronounced in American and Australian racehorses. The speed of Seattle Slew and Nearctic is visible in Cigar, Tiznow (Nearctic twice), Boston Harbor, Healthy Addiction (Nearctic twice), Hot Dixie Chick (Nearctic twice), Union Rags (Nearctic twice), Over Analyze, Offlee Wild, Honest Lady, Delta Princess, Agnes World (Nearctic twice), El Condor Pasa (Nearctic twice), Flatter, Flat Out (Nearctic twice), Turbulent Descent, Stormy Liberal (Nearctic twice), Golden Ballet, Drosselmeyer (Nearctic twice), Eskendereya (Nearctic twice),  and many, many others.

The Seattle Slew to Nearctic link is where we believe Maximum Security inherits his speed. Most good horses usually have one strong match, here we find two separate cases in one pedigree chart. As I reminisce clever conversations from the past, my mind wanders upon the process of G1-Goldmine. One wonders what high proficiencies they would affix to that fabulous Seattle Slew to Nearctic link. In 2019 Maximum Security unofficially won all but one race and is now poised to take on bigger challenges and enhance his largesse and fame.


No Comments

Perfect Match

running bare back
running in tandem

Pedigree Report

No Comments

Color Codes Defined

Pedigree Report

No Comments

Numerical Nicks


No Comments

Blue Hens

Finding a blue hen is far from ordinary. The process of identifying broodmares before they become blue hens is one of the most valued tenets in bloodstock investment‍‍‍. Pause for a moment and realize that almost every great sire descends from an influential taproot mare close up in his pedigree.  

Now consider reports generated by pedigreeID that effectively zone in on a broodmare’s ability with patterns, numerical nicks and color codes that perfectly match producers of champion racehorses from the past.‍‍ We continue to pinpoint and predict prominence in the merger of female lines that highlight essential qualities‍‍ necessary to produce excellent racers and producers. Additionally, the amount of color-coded ancestors within a family tree signals the lofty status of a broodmare.‍


No Comments

California Chrome, promising sire prospect


The recent news of California Chrome’s pending acquisition as sire prospect to Japan adds another lawyer of intrigue to an already deliciously enticing argument. The lore of California Chrome’s mystique always escorts a set of narratives rife with heated debate and contentions. On one side are ardent fans who graciously bow at the altar of “Chromies” idols, while on the other side are die-hard blue-blooded bloodline believers who aspire to lessons of high-priced yearlings and proven six-figure stallions. There are naysayers who publicly profess to weaknesses in this maverick champion’s bloodlines. They see this type of stardom as uneasy, difficult to comprehend, or some weird form of distorted reality. Notwithstanding his charismatic style of winning, they write it off as an aberration, a freak of nature, or once in a lifetime oddity. Our role as analyst is different, we peep inside a pedigree in search of a promise; a promise for winning the next race, producing the next generation of champions.


California Chrome’s sire:


Lucky Pulpit, was a moderate stakes winner that emerges from A P Indy, a sire line that represents the last bastion of hope for the Seattle Slew male line. Not much can be added to the accolades of Pulpit besides the fact that his son Tapit is proving to be a prolific sire-of-sire and Lucky Pulpit’s female family is just as impressive as Tapit’s. Lucky Soph’s lone black-type stakes winner was Lucky Pulpit and like most mares of substance, she was non-black-typed as a racer. Her parentage shows sire Cozzene and dam Lucky Spell both stem from a branch of female line 4-m, a well-known speed source tracing back to the great foundation mare, Sallie Mcclelland, champion 2-year-old filly of 1890. Sallie Mcclelland’s 2nd dam was tap-root mare, Maggie B B, dam of Iroquois, the first American bred to win the Epsom Derby in 1881.


Lucky Soph’s sire line leads through Cozzene (4-m), a champion grass performer and son of Caro. There is something of particular importance here as Lucky Soph’s half-sister (or three-fourths if counting sire line) Trolley Song, was also sired by Caro. Trolley Song was the dam of the hugely successful sire, Unbridled’s Song, who sired Arrogate. Thus, when two of the three richest racehorses in American history California Chrome and Arrogate have the same mare, Lucky Spell, in the same pedigree position Lucky Spell is hovering above blue hen territory.


Female family A4:


Female family lines are road maps that guide us through journeys of yesteryears and California Chrome’s female line of A4 gleams with controversy and international interest. Decades ago there was the concern of this female line belonging to family 21. Our thoroughbred pedigree database, which was established in 1989, currently has this family listed as 21. Since The Jockey Club does not maintain female family numbers, other reference points include the thoroughbred industry’s premier database source at On their page, they list the 1792 mare Calypso (Medley X Young Selma) as the progenitor of A4 and her dam Young Selma as family line 21. For the sake of conformity, we reference the family as A4. In Japan, the family’s success manifested itself in two time Horse of the Year and Hall of Famer Gentildonna (Deep Impact X Donna Blini – Bertolini), and Yamanin Paradise (Danzig X Althea – Alydar). Covfefe, Arch, Green Desert, Bertolini, Kimchi, Yamanin Paradise, and California Chrome’s 2nd dam, Chase It Down, were bred on the same cross of Danzig above with family A4 below.


Family line A4 has glorified the racing industry with these valid testimonials listed below:

Broodmare of the Year:  Courtly Dee; Sea Regent.

Champions:  Covfefe, Gulch; Althea; Yamanin Paradise; Festival of Light; Cascapdia; Kimchi; Mind Your Biscuit.

Kentucky Derby winners:  Clyde Van Dusen; Iron Liege; Swaps; California Chrome.

Top sires or future sires:  Durbar II; Creme Dela Crème; Arch; Bayern; Unreal Zeal; Green Desert.

Famous runners with indirect links:  Cape Cross; Invincible Spirit; Sea The Stars; Golden Horn; Kingman; I Am Invincible; Sheikh Albadou; Heat Haze; Desert Prince; Oasis Dream; Gentildonna; Yamanin Paradise; Uncle Mo; Blame.


Dam one, Love The Chase, sire line is legendary and it traces back to one of the most successful in modern racing. The genetic influence of Mr Prospector is pervasive and permeates each and every crevasse of racing. His DNA is guilty of thousands of winners stealing rich purses by winning on the front end. His bloodline represents refinement from the historic breeders who spearheaded this highly purified speed line. Mr Prospector’s son, Not For Love, dominated the Maryland circuit for decades. His full brother, Rhythm, was Champion 2-year-old colt of 1989. Their second dam was the 1972 Champion 2-year-old filly, Numbered Account who had two direct female lines leading straight to La Troienne. Both of Numbered Account’s parents, Buckpasser and Intriguing, descended from that glamorous blue hen commonly known as 1x. To top it all off, Intriguing was sired by a California bred sire, Swaps. There is a lack of space and time to dwell into Swaps genealogy, but this guy is a genetic miracle. Love The Chase have a double dose of this recording-breaking phenom.


Dam two, Chase It Down, was sired by Polish Numbers a son of Danzig and Numbered Account. This second appearance of Numbered Account created maximized benefits with double doses of A4 plus line-breeding to some of the best female family lines including 1x. We have noticed for some time that Danzig plus family A4 match sheds a curious case of class. It’s an interesting and powerful pattern found in champions and group winners who raced in America, Europe, and Japan. A good example is Hall-of-Famer Gentildonna. These types of runners are rough, rugged and persistent in the heat of competition. They not only survived they thrived on performing at higher levels of engagement.


Dam three, Chase The Dream, was purchased as a yearling by the once flamboyant trainer D. Wayne Lucas for the equally glamorous, National Football League team owner, Eugene V. Klein. His Blue and Gold silks still cloaked Chargers players and fans, especially when the team resided in San Diego. The sales price for Chase The Dream was $260,000 which is expensive even in today’s currency as it was in 1985. Chase The Dream’s success at graded stakes level was not surprising, she was sired by Sir Ivor and out of La Belle Fleur, an unraced daughter of Vaguely Noble. This segment of the pedigree insinuates both grass superiority and stamina, which are costly commodities of extreme interest abroad. Perhaps this piqued the Japanese breeders’ interests.


The prophecy to peep into the promise of tomorrow and foresee which racehorse will flourish or fail is a benediction abounding with pain and prosperity – from the stillborn of a well-planned mating to daylight victory of a well-meant maiden. All is impossible without the strength and versatility of the broodmare or female family because even the greatest sires are dependent on mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) loosely expressed in female lines. Loudly and proudly we hear daily praises of a sire-to-sire match, then listen to crickets chirping when waiting for resounding revelation of female-to-female nicks. We hear the technology is not there yet and mare’s produce records are too small a sample to accurately assess. Weekend Surprise is everywhere there is an A P Indy chart, Gold Digger and Terlingua are in every pedigree profile that housed Mr Prospector and Storm Cat. Instead of a revolutionary shift in pedigree analysis, this is a common-sense technique we have implemented with precision. California Chrome has three female-to-female matches.


There are plenty of respected pedigree professionals who publicly proclaim the weaknesses found in California Chrome’s champion bloodlines. For example, this recent post on a popular Facebook group made a bold attempt to illuminate the pricking points and fragile deficiencies of a remarkable champion’s female family. In all fairness, there were other points of discussion in the post regarding flaws of Nicking but the gist was the importance of researching female family.


 “If you look only at a sire, most people will look at his conformation and his race record. Both are important and that’s all fine and dandy, but there are always going to be anomalies. A perfect example (and please forgive me for naming names, but this one is too perfect not to) is California Chrome. Winner of over 15 MILLION dollars, you would think that he should command the biggest stud fee in history. He stands for $30,000 dollars today. That is not much in the TB world. Why? Because he does not have the female pedigree to convince people that he will reproduce himself. His dam has produced nothing besides CC, despite having been bred to the same stallion three more times. Aside from Lucky Pulpit, she has been bred to Tapit, Pioneer of the Nile, Uncle Mo, Accelerate (the latter two, in their defense, are not old enough to race). Some of the most lucrative stallions in the industry today. But even when rebred to Lucky Pulpit, the most any of her other progeny have won is just shy of $68K. A far cry from the $15M CC won.” This post was copied from a Facebook Group


We are glad that someone has fearless confidence to voice the concerns of many. To the author, we offer our bold opinion presented throughout this article. It is a farfetched fantasy that a mare should produce duplicity of quality runners and champions to be considered well-bred. The assessment perfectly fits Pas De Nom profile, yet we witness the awesome and powerful effect of nature in Danzig. Pas De Nom did her job, just as lightning need not strike the same place twice for us to have faith and belief in the forces of nature.


Pas De Nom’s best produce was Danzig an undefeated son of Northern Dancer in 3 starts who never had the chance to win at graded stakes level. She was bred back to Northern Dancer and did not duplicate Danzig. She was also bred to Alleged, Raja Baba, The Minstrel, Robellino, and others yet failed to produce any racehorse of significant value. Yet the measurement of Danzig’s female-to-female matches did not disqualify him from being one of the all-time greats where sires are concerned.


A P Indy was bought by Tomonori Tsurumaki for $2.9 million at the 1990 Keeneland July Yearling Sale. He would go on to win the Santa Anita Derby, Belmont Stakes, Breeders’s Cup Classic, and be crowned Horse of the Year, Champion 3-year-old of 1992. Before setting the breeding world afire with a bounty of equine greatness, his dam Weekend Surprise was bred back to Seattle Slew and produced Devongate a non-winner in 3 starts with a total earning just shy of $2,000. It would have been premature to unfairly categorize the daughter of Secretariat as weak in pedigree due to the results of Devongate while ignoring the thrilling victories of A P Indy.


California Chrome’s third dam, Chase The Dream was costly as a yearling when purchased by the leading trainer in North America. Is it inconceivable that one of the most successful American thoroughbred racehorse trainers would spend so many resources on a flimsy pedigreed filly?


Market breeders usually require black type mares in their breeding operation, this standard is more important in producing high sales prices rather than producing high-quality runners. The black type mare benchmark is an unnecessary prerequisite in terms of producing winners, graded stakes winners, champions and even great racehorses – good runners come from anywhere there is proper management, supervision and training. Trolley Song earned less than $30,000 with only one win from seven starts, yet she produced Unbridled’s Song. Love The Chase earned less than $10,000 with only one win from six starts, yet she produced California Chrome. La Troienne earned less than $200 from seven starts and zero wins, yet she produced a dynasty that’s vibrant more than eight decades later.


What more proof can this family produce? Family exhibits throughout this article clearly show a family line with numerous champions, blue hens, world-class sires, sire-of-sires, track record holders, and Breeders’ Cup winners all dotted the pedigree landscape. Most will still believe the bloodline is weak because this pedigree represents a more complex form of female matching that is unfamiliar. We’ve always thought California Chrome to be a congenitally gifted racehorse running every step and exactly in tune to his pedigree. We understand why breeders from Japan’s Racing Association are interested in this big, bright, red iconoclastic millionaire.


Herman Lammey

Into Mischief’s Pedigree Analysis

In horse racing results today and racehorse breeding in general, the name Into Mischief denotes an ‘A’ list sire with sturdy stud fees well worth every penny of $175,000. A relatively young sire with a resume that boasts 57 black type winners, including Grade 1 winners Covfefe and Mia Mischief, plus a promising sire-of-sire prognosis with Goldencents.  Into Mischief was the most popular stallion of 2018 with a book of 245 mares while standing at Spendthrift Farm. He currently stands atop the 2019 Leading Sires list with over $12 million in progeny earnings.  As a runner, Into Mischief was never worse than second in six starts.  He won the Cashcall Futurity (Grade 1) at Hollywood Park as a two year-old and ran second in the prestigious Malibu Stakes (Grade 1) at Santa Anita as a three year-old. With additional stakes tallied to his ledger, Into Mischief retired with earnings in excess of $590,000. The list of stakes winners he sired thus far includes: Audible, Practical Joke, Mia Mischief, Covfefe, plus afore mentioned young sire, Goldencents.


From a breeding approach, Into Mischief is an exceptionally well-bred individual defined from the fine female forces assembled in his background. The female family line (femline) originates from 23-b and a younger half-sister by Henny Hughes, Beholder, became a champion of high substance. Her on-track performance is forever etched in the minds of fervent racing fans. In the 2015 edition of the Pacific Classic Beholder’s beachside frolic was a beauty to behold as she whizzed by the quarter pole with jet stream efficiency while giving the boys a whipping. As if bursting bubbles in the kiddies pool, she coasted and ran them ragged, waltzing home by more than eight lengths eventually stopping the clock in 1:59.77 for the mile and a quarter distance. At year’s end, in the Breeder’s Cup Classic, misfortune struck as she was scratched from the big race, much to the glowing satisfaction and sigh of relief of trainer Bob Baffert who had the race favorite American Pharoah. Another half sibling of Into Mischief, Mendelssohn, a smart looking son of Scat Daddy, went on to win the Breeder’s Cup Juvenile Turf in 2017 at Del Mar. These examples emphasize the family strength of 23-b.


It was only a matter of time before the powerful forces within femline 23-b revved its V-12 turbine engine once again just as it did with Domino, “The Black Whirlwind”. That fabled speed-ball graced the racing backdrop in the 1890s, and ever since, family 23-b has enhanced the racehorse breed with championship runners akin to four-legged Lamborghinis. In horse racing results today, this femline continues to excite us at every level of racing. The long list of championship honors from 23-b keeps rolling in. It already includes six Kentucky Derby winners: Tim Tam, Affirmed, Winning Colors, Lil E. Tee, Mine That Bird and I’ll have Another. Other champions that are descendants from broodmares of subject family 23-b are listed below:

Champion Sprinter:           Exceed and Excel, Big Drama

Champion 2yo Colt:          Domino, Hamburg, Regal Classic, Chief’s Crown, Grey Classic

Champion 2yo Filly:          Queen Empress, Pleasant Stage, Hello Seattle, Miss Secreto, Special Duty, Beholder

Champion 3yo Filly:          Twilight Tear, Two Lea, Chris Evert, Dance Smartly, Winning Colors, Beholder, Classy’n Smart

Champion 3yo Colt:          Tim Tam, Electrocutionist

Champion Turf Male:        Sky Classic, Hasten to Add

Champion Mare:               Beholder, Jewel Princess

Champion Turf Mare:       Estrapade

Horse of the Year:             Discovery, Twilight Tear, Criminal Type, Ghostzapper

Champion Older Male:     Discovery, Ardross, Criminal Type, Ghostzapper

Champion Sire:                Smart Strike, Exceed and Excel

Future Leading Sire:          Into Mischief, I’ll Have Another, Carpe Diem


So how does 23-b explain Into Mischief’s sire dominance when a multitude of other failed sires traced their lineage back to this same femline? The answer is a pedigree principle called Numerical Nicks. Pedigree hobbyist would be hard pressed to grasp the meteoric rise of Into Mischief’s ancestry without the assistance of Numerical Nicks. The virtuous discovery of this pedigree axiom advocates how certain female families when combined generate an assortment of speed. Careful classification of these family lines forms the basis of identifying racehorse quality. Therefore each unique sequence of femline formations facilitates bloodstock evaluation, helps predict racehorse on track performance and pinpoints breeding prepotency. Into Mischief’s dam, Leslie’s Lady, unveils various viable patterns invisibly woven into a very rich web of her lineage. That exact established pattern found in the pedigree of Leslie’s Lady also shows up in the lineage of Harlan’s Holiday. So when Numerical Nicks highlights the driving forces that propel precocious brilliance burning bright twice within the genetics of Into Mischief, they are the pathways to personal fulfillment in the art of breeding million dollar racehorses.


Emblems of praise bestowed upon Mendelssohn, Beholder and Into Mischief are on full display as traditional nicking fans grow wild with excitement and for good reason. Since nicking supporters see the Storm Cat line successfully nicked with Tricky Creek’s mare, it is easy to believe the effect of speed and class within these three racehorses are directly attributed to matching of sire line to broodmare sire. You must respect their creed. However, we warmly embrace our approach more closely as it teaches how individual talents are deeply influenced by Numerical Nicks regardless of generations. Specific broodmare sires and sire lines will vacate the charts but formidable numbers remain constant.  Neither Miss Disco nor Discovery is visible in today’s pedigree profiles but the same Numerical Nicks they uncovered is still alive and well in today’s, tomorrow’s and future champions.


Bold Ruler (8-d) was a scintillating racehorse and an incredible stallion at Clairborne where he achieved leading sire status seven successive years. His family line came from female line 8-d and a fifth generation chart shows his ancestry rich in family number 8. The presence of Sweep (8-c), Sun Briar (8-c), Light Brigade (8-g) and Havresac (8-h) are over powering. Now shift focus to Bold Ruler’s broodmare sire, Discovery (23-b). Notice how Discovery had two broodmare sires with links to 23-b very close up in his female family: His Majesty (23-b), a foal of 1910, and Hamburg (23-b), champion racer and champion sire. Discovery became a phenomenal asset in bloodlines that still echoes in modern pedigree.


Triple Crown winner Affirmed (23-b) also had the same profile with multiple links to femline 8 that helped explain his explosiveness. This is how horses with seemingly no pedigree rise to stardom. It is understandable when Affirmed is combined with multiples of family 8 type bloodlines the result yields the likes of Flawlessly and Wise Dan. Such is the reverse case with Hennessy (8-c) who inherits family 8-c from both parents sire Storm Cat (8-c) and dam T C Kitten (8-c). Mix Hennessy with femline 23-b and we get champion 2 year-old filly, Special Duty and ill-fated Grade 1 mare Madcap Escapade. Some other notable horses with this Numerical Nick are Intentionally, Native Dancer, Raise A Native, Alydar, Danzig, Wise Dan, Affirmed, Curlin, Ghostzapper, City Zip, American Pharoah and others. In summation, the five generation set of family numbers includes at least one occurrence of family 23 with multiple appearances of family 8. It must be emphasized that female line 23-b was already great, well before crossing the intersection of family 8 and the plateau of multi-million dollar yearlings. Family 8 simply provides a unique and enhanced level of speed.


Memoirs of Estrapade, a free running daughter of Vaguely Noble and Klepto, was a descendant from another branch of female line 23-b, a line that confirms stark affinity for all distances on any surface. Unfortunately, Estrapade was short of family 8 in her five generation chart. While that omission did not bother her much in races, it probably stymied Estrapade’s breeding output. On the other hand, Leslie’s Lady has flourished. Perhaps Leslie’s Lady’s five generation chart that includes Menow (8-g), Nijinsky II (8-f) and Icecapade (8-c) made her rich in family 8 and essentially a vibrant, impressive broodmare when mixed with her own 23-b female line.

The Numerical Nicks layout for each of the three black types produced by Leslie’s Lady is shown below:

Into Mischief (23-b) his sire, Harlan’s Holiday, adds Storm Cat (8-c); Crafty Admiral (8-c); Raise A Native (8-f).

Beholder (23-b) her sire, Henny Hughes, adds Hennessy (8-c)(8-c) twice and Raise A Native (8-f).

Mendelssohn (23-b) his sire, Scat Daddy, adds Hennessy (8-c); Damascus (8-h); Raise A Native (8-f) Nijinsky II (8-f).

Leslie’s Lady (23-b) her sire, Tricky Creek, adds Icecapade (8-c) and Nijinksy II (8-f), her dam, Crystal Lady, adds Menow (8-g).


The family of 23-b is the main engine where class and power accumulates. Perennial sires like Smart Strike, Ghostzapper, City Zip, Exceed And Excel and now Into Mischief and later Carpe Diem have established family line 23-b as significant sire power appeal especially when merged with speedy female lines of 8. The continued production of quality, class and speed found in these sires are testament to the fact that female line 23-b is still strong, vibrant and has been enduring high quality speed well beyond middle distance ever since Domino streaked across the pages of racing history.


Into Mischief’s siring success can thus be attributed to the double formation of the same Numerical Nicks found in both parents as Harlan’s Holiday and Leslie’s Lady were both bred with the graces of family 23 combined with multiple traces of family 8.


Herman Lammey


No Comments

Zenyatta – Horse Racing Natural Wonder


On November 22nd, 2007 a meteor from somewhere struck down at Hollywood Park in the form of a dark bay, almost black, a filly with a blaze that streaked across her forehead. Zenyatta’s debut win was befitting of something out of this world, something that progresses with spectacular speed. It was a rather late start for a three-year-old, but this amazonian filly once unleashed upon the racing world would take it by storm. Zenyatta’s Graded Stakes launch pad came as a four-year-old in the El Encino Stake (Grade 2) at Santa Anita in January of 2008, it was only her third start. Ridden then by David Flores, the run best described by then track announcer, Trevor Denman, was rather eloquent when noted “she covered so much ground with her bounding stride”. The type of stride and running style that is becoming increasingly rare.


Three years later and undefeated, the Classic run at Churchill Downs was the last race of her glamorous career. Her customary slow start was slower than usual, her strides short and choppy as she realized the comfort of California withdrawn – synthetic track no more, instead clumps of moist clay kicked back, hitting her in the face and some swirled in the evening chill just past her nostril. Welcome to north-central Kentucky. Though he knew it was not normal, Mike Smith let her be, he watched as her ears imperceptibly twitched like robotic antennas searching for signals. Attendees in the grandstand and countless watching TV sets across the globe all collective eyes were affixed in the rear of the field. At that point, millions of fans folded their arms and held their elbows tight as if to self-comfort and avert the pain of an embarrassing loss. Everyone knew this was about to be a definite clunker. Even on the slope of the first turn, there was no sign of hope. Behind on the backstretch she was bounding along at a lonely pace, her face erased by distance stretched far back some twenty lengths down at Churchill Downs. Suddenly the normal stride was back as Mike niggled the back of her neck to get her going. Along the rail she trails all alone as the masculine field of rivals blistered upfront, splintering through the evening crisp of early November. Deficit erased and margin slimmed – they were much closer now. She was in touch with the field, at seventeen and a half hands tall she could see them all. Turning for home, heavy hooves thumped the ground and tear up soil directly in front of her, she was on the rail and on their tails desperate to find a way through. Weighing in at 1200 pounds in full motion and graceful poise she had to switch paths and did so smooth as silk. Temporarily steadied by a faltering Quality Road, she angled further out searching for space. Moving sideways, she was surrounded by a wall of horses. Ahead, Lookin At Lucky and Blame were unimpeded and overpowering flailing longshots Etched and Espoir City. With less than 24 seconds to go, she hop-scotched from path four to six with the nimbleness of a ballerina. Time was running out. Suddenly like an uncaged bird with ruffled feathers and a flurry of flight she saw daylight. Finally free, in full flight her patented move was on full display and what a run it was. This was Zenyatta, horse racing natural wonder, that the world came to see. Blame intently hidden on the inside, Lookin At Lucky on his outside, Etched in the middle, Zenyatta on the far outside two lengths behind slicing through the wind bearing down on them. She was in hot pursuit with relentless passion and dogged determination, slipping by Grade 1 winners like they were equine statues adorned in silks. The runner Etched erased, one more to Blame, Lookin At Lucky vanquished, one more to be finished. Trevor’s voice animated with excitement knowing he was about to witness unbelievable once more. The wire approaching fast, this time faster than usual with less than a few strides to go. “Zenyatta, Zenyatta, Zenyatta”, once elated sounds deflated to tearful vocals that thunder down from announcer’s booth above to the grandstand below and across the globe with the sting of a stirring sentimental sermon. Silent echoes erupted as the crowd gasped and grasped the paradox of a tarnished record gallantly fought for. She stood tall, she ran the best race of her illustrious career and came up short. She was no longer undefeated.


Zenyatta’s impact in the Sport of Kings would come in the Breeders’ Cup when she became a beacon of hope for the industry as her effect triggered an attendance crowd that ballooned well over 114,000 in 2010 and a common pool handle of more than $173 million. Yes, the $60,000 yearling with skin rash, speed suspect sire, and stone-cold late run sold out the place in a recovering economy and worldwide recession. Her presence generated the second-highest attendance since the inception of the expanded race series. Only California Chrome and Arrogate’s tussle in 2016 at Santa Anita had more attendees. Somewhat like California Chrome, Zenyatta’s Classic run went down in defeat but not in disappointment.


Zenyatta was sired by Street Cry and produced by Virtigineux, a daughter of Kris S. From his first crop Street Cry sired other good runners; Street Boss, Street Sense, and Majestic Roi. There was a recent article by Sid Fernando that highlights the potency of first-crop sires. On the dam side, Virtigineux descends from family 4-r and is considered rich in speed type. The origins of speed-class in this family go back to Artful, champion 2-year-old filly of 1904. Artful was the daughter of Hamburg, and her full sister Artless was the fourth dam of Mrs. Peterkin. Sired by Green Tree Stud leading stallion, Tom Fool,  Mrs. Peterkin became a mare of enormous importance as the 2nd dam of For The Flag, Mizzen Mast and Shareef Dancer. For The Flag, an excellent producing daughter of Forli was the 2nd dam of Zenyatta. The prestigious Fasig Tipton Keeneland September Yearling sale is well known for high priced yearlings. From the 2005 edition HIP 703 has been added to a very long list of low priced yearlings that slipped by savvy market buyers at sale venues across the world. Names like Seattle Slew, Northern Dancer, Overdose, Lady Glamour, Bonecrusher, Sincero, Polanski, Vo Rogue, Shoot Out, will forever be talked about. The hammer fell that day for a paltry $60,000 and the rest is history. Most believe the sales price as a result of a skin rash. We have noticed sales price at select yearling auctions are usually governed by speculation of precocious stallions or proven sires and the economy. Although Street Cry won impressively stateside, the buzz was alive of his would-be talent as a sire. However, he had a list of yearlings that sold low or were RNA’d. That list includes HIPs 12, 107, 284, 285, 419, 599, 667, plus the famous 703. Alternatively, there were a few high priced ones too. If we consider his dam, Helen Street, by Troy, was almost entirely of European flavor that resonates well with turf whereby their progeny screams for distance and grass. This similar divergence is found in leading sire Kitten’s Joy when the Ramseys briefly considered standing him in Europe because distance grass sires were not evaluated equitably regarding stud fees and sales ring as comparably as dirt-speed sires. Street Cry would later sire another daughter named Winx, that dominated the Australian racing scene with a familiar late run. Imagine the impact on Street Cry’s prestige if both Zenyatta and Street Sense were loaded in the starting gate for the Kentucky Derby of 2007. Regardless of Zenyatta’s sire early appreciation value in North America, she squarely placed her dad front and center in breeding conversations as a sire to be reckoned with. Street Sense had already brought home championship honors at two and a classic crown at three when he won the Breeders’ Cup Juvenile and Kentucky Derby.


The dancer, prancer super horse captured the hearts of many even in defeat and she continues to hold those hearts today as she calls Lane’s End Farm home. Zenyatta, the super horse created her superstardom, she brought smiles and tears to all who loved her and she is coveted by many. The memories of her on track appearances, be it watching patrons in the stands, moving her feet through choreographed routine or making up ground from far back as she flew with grace past her competitors will be cherished, honored, and loved by all those who had a chance to see her. Zenyatta’s collective performances reminded us of what a wonderful sport horse racing is. The highs and lows, emotional ebb and flows, thrills and goosebumps that we’ve all experienced in making the industry vibrant and thriving. Celebrating her tenth anniversary of that remarkable run with head held high, we honor and cherish the sport we love, as we seek surety of perfection just as she displayed. We are proud to be witness to her legacy. Zenyatta, in appreciation of your tenth anniversary of Breeders’ Cup accomplishment, we salute you.


Herman Lammey


No Comments

Free Race Report

Find race reports for your favorite racing venues. Click links below to see our above 40 percent success rate. Selections are listed from top to bottom with choices on top.


June 8, 2019

Gulfstream Park

June 8, 2019

Belmont Stakes Card

June 8, 2019

Today’s card features some big names like War of Will, Tacitus and Spinoff including other superstars in undercard races. The Met Mile sees the world class traveling Thunder Snow back in town. This guy is really special and expect him to lay off a fast early pace and grab a big portion of the rich $1.2 million purse.



Caulfield Cup

Last year Boom Time pulled a stunner as he slipped inside at 50-1. Who will it be this year? Will Jon Snow control the pace from the start or will Best Solution from that outside position show his class. No doubt those are the top two contenders as shown in chart below: Red as usual represents the best speed and green the best grass stamina.

Top four choices for this race are 1, 7  and  4, 9

Australia’s Caulfield Cup

October 20th 2018

Belmont Race Card

October 20th 2018

All race analysis are based exclusively on pedigree value. System selections win around 40 percent.


No Comments